Semantics

The Semantics BB is focused on semantic interoperability from the perspective of legal and official documents (evidence, attestation). Semantic technologies provide many concepts and tools to make machine-understandable descriptions of data, programs and infrastructure, enabling computers to reflect on these artefacts. These concepts and tools allow computers to overcome some of the problems that remain open when using messaging and XML as the basis for interoperability, namely the meaning of the XML labels and the real business meaning of the values contained in an XML document.

The scope of e-SENS Semantics includes the following aims:

  •  creating an e-SENS-specific layer of semantic resources, concepts and codes (Core Concepts, with ISA, reusable across the various domains) to dereference syntactic items (terms)
  •  creating the services to enable semantic mappings between terms and resources or between terms. Translations and searches can be included later in the piloting phase

 

The separation of data from applications and databases or other physical structures opens up possibilities of reusing the same information in different application contexts. It prevents the same data management component being re-implemented across many applications. Semantic technology provides many concepts and tools to make machine-understandable descriptions of data, programs and infrastructure, enabling computers to reflect on these artefacts. The key to ensuring machine processable data is to make data smarter. In addition to raw information, it should be equipped with understandable meaning and instructions for further processing. 

Architecture of e-SENS Semantics

Semantics consists of the following Architectural Building Blocks:

Semantic Mapping Service - this provides a function to map business documents covering specific business requirements in electronic procedures. The following functionalities have been identified as essential for the semantic mapping service:

  • Provision of a requirement template
  • Provision of a Requirement-to-Document mapping
  • Provision of a validation service (evidence-to-criteria mapping)
  • API interfaces to the knowledge management system

 

Terminology Service - this provides the meaning of the resource and its mapping between two different terminologies and code-lists used across member countries. The following functionalities have been identified:

  • Governance of the updating of terms and mappings
  • Provision of mappings between national code-lists and terminologies and terminologies and code-lists at European level
  • Provision of a mechanism for synchronising mapping information at national and European level
  • Authorisation policy for translations
  • Generic processes for suggestions for changes to terminologies (new terms)
  • API querying for online accessibility of terminologies